Coral Hind (Cephalopholis miniata)

Discover the vibrant Cephalopholis miniata, popularly known as the Coral Hind. This dazzling reef fish, adorned with striking colors, graces the warm waters of the Indo-Pacific region. In this comprehensive guide, we delve into the fascinating characteristics, natural habitat, behaviors, dietary preferences, and expert insights on caring for the Coral Hind in your home aquarium.

Size and appearance

The Coral Hind showcases a regal appearance with a length ranging from 25-35 centimeters (10-14 inches). Its body, adorned in hues of orange, red, and purple, features distinct patterns that make it a captivating addition to any coral reef community. The Coral Hind’s streamlined body and robust presence contribute to its overall majestic aura.


Indigenous to the tropical waters of the Indo-Pacific, the Coral Hind is found in coral-rich environments, including the Red Sea, East Africa, and the islands of the western Pacific. Its preference for vibrant reef structures makes it a common sight in coral gardens and rocky substrates.


Cephalopholis miniata is characterized by a relatively territorial nature. In its natural habitat, it tends to stake out a specific area amidst coral formations. Observing the Coral Hind reveals its cautious and deliberate movements, often seeking shelter among coral crevices while keeping a watchful eye on its surroundings.


As a carnivorous species, the Coral Hind preys on small fish and crustaceans. In captivity, replicate its natural diet with a combination of high-quality marine pellets, live or frozen foods such as shrimp and squid, and occasional offerings of vitamin-enriched brine shrimp. This diverse diet ensures optimal health and coloration.

Keeping the Coral Hind at home

To provide an ideal environment for the Coral Hind, consider the following factors:

Tank size: Opt for a tank with a minimum capacity of 500 liters (132 gallons) to accommodate its size and territorial tendencies. Ample hiding spaces, such as caves or overhangs, should be provided.
Water parameters: Maintain a stable water temperature between 24-28 °C (75-82 °F) and a pH level of 8.1-8.4. Coral Hind thrives in clear, well-oxygenated water with moderate to strong water flow.
Tank setup: Create a reef-like environment with live corals, rocks, and ample swimming space. Ensure proper lighting to support the growth of corals and enhance the vibrant colors of the Coral Hind.
Tank mates: Choose tank mates carefully, avoiding aggressive or overly territorial species. Compatible companions include other peaceful reef fish of similar size. Be careful with smaller fish, they can get attacked!

The Coral Hind, with its stunning colors and charismatic presence, elevates the aesthetic appeal of any marine aquarium. By understanding its natural habitat and specific care requirements, you can create an environment that allows these magnificent reef dwellers to thrive and showcase their natural behaviors. Welcome the Coral Hind into your aquarium, and you’ll witness a piece of the Indo-Pacific’s vibrant coral ecosystems within the confines of your own aquatic haven.

Scientific nameCephalopholis miniata
Type of aquariumMarine reef
Size25-35 cm (10-14 inches)
Ideal tank size500 liters (132 gallons) or more
Ideal water temperature24-28°C (75-82°F)
DietCarnivorous; marine pellets, live/frozen foods
ReproductionOviparous; lay eggs
Life spanVaries, typically 10-15 years
SchoolingGenerally solitary; choose tank mates carefully.


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