Dwarf pufferfish, also known as pea pufferfish, is a popular freshwater aquarium fish due to its small size and unique appearance. These fish are native to South Asia and are relatively easy to care for, making them a great choice for beginner aquarists.
Dwarf pufferfish are small in size, typically growing to about 2.5 in length. They have a distinctive round shape with a pronounced belly and large eyes. Their bodies are covered in small, spiny scales that provide them with protection from predators. These fish come in a range of colors, including green, brown, and yellow.
Dwarf pufferfish are native to the slow-moving waters of South Asia, particularly India, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka. They are found in freshwater environments, such as rivers, streams, and marshes.
Dwarf pufferfish are known for their unique personalities and can be quite active and curious. They are also territorial and may become aggressive towards other fish, especially other dwarf puffer fish. These fish are not schooling fish and are generally kept alone or in pairs.
Reproduction and lifespan
Dwarf pufferfish are relatively difficult to breed in captivity, and most specimens sold in pet stores are wild-caught. In the wild, these fish typically live for 3-5 years, but they can live up to 8 years in captivity with proper care.
Dwarf pufferfish are carnivorous and require a diet high in protein. They feed on a variety of live and frozen foods, such as bloodworms, brine shrimp, and daphnia. It is important to ensure that their diet is varied and includes a mix of different foods to provide all the necessary nutrients.
Keeping Dwarf Pufferfish in an aquarium
Dwarf puffer fish require a minimum tank size of 38 liters, although a larger tank is recommended to provide them with plenty of swimming space. The water temperature should be between 24-32°C, and the pH should be between 6.2-7.1. A filter and heater are also essential equipment for keeping dwarf puffer fish. These fish prefer a well-planted tank with plenty of hiding places, such as rocks and driftwood.