Malawi eyebiter

Malawi eyebiter

Step into the mesmerizing world of the Malawi eyebiter, also known as the Dimidiochromis compressiceps, a remarkable freshwater cichlid known for its striking appearance and intriguing behaviors. In this guide we will take a look at how to take care of this unique fish in your home aquarium, while also covering aspects such as size, appearance, natural habitat, behavior, dietary preferences, and expert advice for optimal care.

Size and appearance

The Dimidiochromis compressiceps boasts a sleek yet robust physique, reaching an impressive size of 20-25 centimeters (8-10 inches). Its standout feature is its compressed body shape, giving it a streamlined and elegant appearance. Males exhibit vibrant breeding colors, showcasing shades of blue and yellow, while females display more subtle hues.


Indigenous to the rocky shores of Lake Malawi in East Africa, Dimidiochromis compressiceps thrives in the clear, oxygen-rich waters of this vast lake. Lake Malawi, renowned for its diverse cichlid populations, provides an ideal habitat for the unique behaviors and interactions of this species.


Dimidiochromis compressiceps is known for its territorial and semi-aggressive nature, particularly during the breeding season. Males, in their vibrant breeding colors, establish territories and court females. When keeping multiple individuals, consider their territorial tendencies and provide sufficient hiding spots or divide the tank into distinct territories.


As a piscivore, Dimidiochromis compressiceps primarily feeds on smaller fish. In a home aquarium, replicate their natural diet with high-quality cichlid pellets, live or frozen foods such as brine shrimp, bloodworms. Don’t feed them small fish, since they can carry parasites and infect your fish. A well-balanced diet enhances their health, coloration, and overall vitality.

Keeping the Malawi eyebiter at home

Ensuring optimal conditions for Dimidiochromis compressiceps involves specific considerations:

Tank size: Provide a spacious tank with a minimum capacity of 300 liters (75 gallons) to accommodate their size and territorial behavior. Decorate the tank with rocks and caves to mimic their natural rocky habitat.
Water parameters: Maintain a stable water temperature between 23-28°C (73-82°F) and a pH level of 7.8-8.6. Lake Malawi is known for its hard and alkaline water, so replicate these conditions with appropriate substrates and additives, such as Kenia marble stones, coral stones, sand or other stones which have an active alkaline reaction, which will boost the KH and pH. It will help recreate the natural environment.
Tank mates: Exercise caution when selecting tank mates, as the Malawi eyebiter can be aggressive, especially during breeding. Compatible tank mates include other Lake Malawi cichlids with similar size and aggression levels.
Breeding: If breeding is a goal, create defined territories and provide flat surfaces or caves for potential nesting sites. Dimidiochromis compressiceps is a mouthbrooder, with the female carrying and protecting the fry in her mouth.

The Malawi eyebiter with its distinctive appearance and behavior, is a captivating addition to a cichlid enthusiast’s aquarium. By understanding their natural habitat and specific care requirements, you can create a thriving and harmonious environment for these remarkable cichlids in your own home. Embrace the opportunity to care for Dimidiochromis compressiceps, and you’ll witness the beauty and dynamics of Lake Malawi brought to life in your aquarium.

Scientific nameDimidiochromis compressiceps
Type of aquariumFreshwater
Size20-25 cm / 8-10 inches
RegionLake Malawi, East Africa
Ideal tank size300 liters / 75 gallons or more
Ideal water temperature23-28 °C / 73-82 °F
DietPiscivore; cichlid pellets, live/frozen foods
Life spanAround 8-10 years
SchoolingTends to be territorial; exercise caution with tank mates.

Would you like to contribute you own information based on experience to our article? Please use our contact form here, leave the info below in a comment or send us an email at


Share on Facebook
Share on Twitter
Share on Linkedin

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *